Bhargav Ayurveda

GAMBHARI|??????|GMELINA ARBOREA|

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BOTANICAL NAME??????????

GMELINA ARBOREA

FAMILY????????

VERBENACEAE

SYNONYMS NAMES

Sanskrit Name :- Gambhari, Shriparni, Madhuparnika, Ashveta, Bhadra, Bhadraparni, Gambhari, Gandhari, Gandharya, Gopabhadrika,Grishti, Gumbhari,Hira, K sripnari, Kakodumbari, Kashmari, Kashmaryya, Kasmari, Kasmarya, Kasmaryah, Kasmaryaphala, Kasmiri, Kataphala,Katphalah, Katphalam, Krishna, Krishnaphala, Krishnavrinlaka, Krishnavrintika,Krsnavrntah, Kshirini, Kumuda, Madhubhadra,Madhumati, Madhuparnika, Madhurasa, Mahabhadra, Mahakumuda, Modini,Nandi vrksa, Pitakarohini, Pitaphala, Pitarohini, Rohini,Sadabhadra, Sarvatobhadra, Sarvatobhadrika, Shriparni,Snigdhaparni, Sriparni, Sthulatvacha, Subhadra, Sudridhatvacha, Suphala,Svarubhadra, Vataha, Vidari, Vidarini, Ambharika

Hindi Name :- Gambhar, Kashmari, Nandivriksha, Gamari, Gambari, Gambhar, Gambhara, Gambhari, Gamhar, Gumbhar,Kambar, Kambari,Kambhar, Khammara, Khmbhari, Kumar, Kumbhar, Sewan, Jugani-chukur, Khambhar, Gumbar,Gambar, Shewan, Gumar-tek,Shivparni, Ban, Khamhar kumhar, Kunubar, Siwan, Havan, Baro-pipal

English Name :- Yemtani, Gamar

Tamil Name :- Arisa, Kalarbadi, Kattanam, Kumadi, Kumbal, Kumil, Perumkumbil

Telgu Name :- Adavigummudu, Challagummudu, Gumar-tek, Gummadi, Gummudu

Kannada Name :- Bachanige, Gupsi, Kashmiri, Kashniri-mara, Kule, Kumbalamara

Malyalam Name :- Cumbulu, Kumbil, Kumbili, Kumbula, Kumil, Kumilu, Kumpil, Kumizhu

Oriya Name :- Thlanvawng, Butalo

Kannada Name :- Bachanige, Gupsi, Kashmiri, Kashniri-mara, Kule, Kumbalamara

Malyalam Name :- Cumbulu, Kumbil, Kumbili, Kumbula, Kumil, Kumilu, Kumpil, Kumizhu

Oriya Name :- Thlanvawng, Butalo

SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION

PLANT DESCRIPTION (Botanical Identification)? :- A tall tree with young parts densely velvety tomentose. Leaves opposite, broadly ovate or elliptic-rhomboid, cordate or subtruncate, fulvous tomentose beneath. Flowers orange yellow or brownish yellow, in dichotomously branched, velvety tomentose panicles of 3 – flowered cymes

Root : Root pieces are nearly cylindrical with uneven surface, greyish brown; fracture somewhat tough in bark, brittle and predominant in woody portion. Transverse section of root shows 6-8 layers of cork cells arranged in tangential direction and broken at places towards upper layers. Cortex is present in abundance throughout cortex; scattered stone cells and fibres present, occuring mostly in singles; some cortical cells contain rosette crystals of calcium oxalate an doil globules.

Root Bark : Mature root bark when fresh, is yellowish in colour; dry pieces curved and chanelled, thinner ones forming single quills, external surface rugged due to presence of vertical cracks, ridges, fissures and numerous lenticels; fracture short and granular; paste mucilaginous.

Fruit : A drupe, ovoid, crinkled, black, 1.5-2.0 cm long, sometimes with portion of attached pedicel, 2-seeded, sometimes 1-seeded; taste sweetish, sour. Seed is ovate, 0.5-1 cm long, 0.4-0.6 cm wide, light yellow, surface smooth, seed coat thin, papery; taste oily.

PART? USED ?:- ROOT, FRUIT

DOSAGE? :- Root kwath 50 – 100 ml

Root? (Foreign matter 2 %, Total ash 5 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.3 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 7 %, Water soluble extractive 20 %)

Fruit? (Foreign matter 1 %, Total ash 6 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.4 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 8 %, Water soluble extractive 25 %)

SCIENTIFIC/CLINICAL USES????

Hypoglycaemic |?? Antiviral

CLASSICAL FORMULATIONS???

Agastya haritki rasayana? |? Amritarishta? |? Brahma rasayan |? Brihatmasa taila?? |? Chandanasava? |? Dadhika ghrita?? |?? Dantyadyarishta? |? Darunagaradi kvath churna? |? Dashmularishta? |? Dhanvantara ghrita?? |? Dhanvantara taila? |?? Indukanta ghrita? |? Lasunadi ghrita?? |?? Maha panchgavya ghrita

GERERNAL USES

  • Gambhari herb is capable to suppress pain and inflammation.
  • Helpful herb to improve digestion and absorption in the body.
  • Good supporter for normal functioning of heart.
  • Useful in maintaining the normal blood pressure level.
  • It is used in improving brain functioning and it has feature to improve intelligence.
  • Natural anti-aging agent.
  • Gambhari Herb is a natural herb to prevent hemorrhages;
  • A natural strength enhancer of the body.
  • It has properties of a good aphrodisiac agent.
  • It is diuretic in nature.
  • One of the useful herb which has features to increase milk secretion in the lactating mothers.
  • Fruits of Gambhari herb are having uses in hemorrhoids.
  • Its properties improve the quantity and quality of semen.
  • Fruit of Gambhari herb is also efficient in nourishing hair and promotes the growth of hair.
  • It can provide relief from burning sensation.
  • Gambhari fruit of this herbaceous plant is found to be useful natural agent in bleeding disorders like nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc.
  • It treats thirst, vata disorders wounds and emaciation.
  • Gambhari roots are also suitable remedy in ascites due to Vata
  • It helps in normalizing the abnormally raised temperature.
  • The fruits have advantageous anabolic effects in tuberculosis to accelerate the healing of cavitation in the lungs.
  • The decoction of its root can be used for abdominal tumors.

AYURVEDIC ATTRIBUTES????????

GUNA (Quality)

Guru

RASA (Taste)?????????

Tikt, Kashay, Madhur

VIPAK (Metabolism)

Katu

VIRYA (Potency)

Ushan

PRABHAV (Impact)

Raktbharshamak

REFERENCES

http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/gmelina-arborea-gamhar

 

 

 

 

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Variation

Raw Herb, Powder, Extract

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