Bhargav Ayurveda

Gunja|?????|ABRUS PRECATORIUS

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BOTANICAL NAME??????????

ABRUS PRECATORIUS

FAMILY

LEGUMINOSAE

SYNONYMS NAMES

Sanskrit Name :- Angaravallari, Angaravalli, Aruna, Bhilabhushana, Bhillabusana, Chakrashalya, Chataki, Chudala,Chudamani, Dhvankshanakha,Durmogha, Goonja, Gunja, Gunjika, Kaka, Kakachinchi, Kakachinchibijam, Kakachinchika, Kakadani, Kakajangha, Kakananti,Kakanantika, Kakashimbi, Kakatikta, Kakatundika,Kakavallari, Kakini, Kaksha, Kamboji, Kanchi, Kanichi, Krishnachudika,Krishnala, Kunni, Mirintika, Rakta,Raktala, Raktika, Saumya, Shangushtha, Shikhandi,Shikhandini,Shitapaki,Shvetabija,Shvetagunja,Shvetaraktika, Shvetkamboji, Shvetochchata, Shyamalachuda, Tulabija, Uchchatta, Vaktrashalya, Vanya, Vayasadini

Hindi Name :- Gunj, Chirmiti, Gaungchi, Ghungchi, Ghunghachi, Guncaci, Gunchi, Gunci,Gunja, Kunch, Rati, Tatti, Gunji, Ratki,Gumchi, Gaunchhi,Ratigiri, Ratti, Rattak, Bhut kesi, Gunj ratt, Rauns, Raktan, Gunjratt, Charmoli, Charmoi, Chanboi,Sarmai, Chormoi, Chirmi

English Name :- Coral pea, Crab s eye, Indian liquorice, Lucky or paternoster bean, Rati, Jequerity seed, Jumbie beans, Rosary pea

Tamil Name :- Adimaduram, Adingam, Adisamiyai, Gundu-mani, Kunri-mani, Gundumani, Kunrimani, Kunri, Venkunrivittu, Kunricceti,Kunrivittu

Telgu Name :- Atimadhuramu, Guri-ginja, Gurija, Gurivenda, Guru-venda, Guruginia

Bengali Name :- Kunch, Kunch, Kawet

Marathi Name :- Gunj, Khaksi, Gunja, Chanoti, Gunchi, Kunch, Gunji, Lahan-gunj

Gujrati Name :- Chanothi

Kannada Name :- Galaganji, Gul-ganji, Gunja, Gunji, Guruganji, Gurugunji, Haga, Jeshtamadhu, Madhuka, Madhukavalli, Gulaganji, Gulagunji

Malyalam Name :- Atimadhuram, Cekkunni, Coonycooroo, Gunja, Irattimadhuram,

Kakani, Klitakam, Konni, Kunni, Kunnikkuru,Kunnikuru, Madhukam

Urdu Name :- Ghunchi, Tukhm kunch, Maghz tukhm kunch, Ghungchi safaid, Ghunchchi surkh

Tibetan Name :- Ma ru rtse, O la mase dmarpo, Ol ma se dkar po, Ol ma sedmar po(d)

SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION

PLANT DESCRIPTION(Botanical Identification) :- Woody climbers. Leaves paripinnate; leaflets 10 – 20 in opposite pairs, ovate, obovate or oblong. Racemes cowded, many flowered, ususally shorter than the leaves. Flowers sub sessile,pale – purple to yellowish.

Root : Pericycle with alternate bundles of sclerenchyma cells and small heavily thickened fibres, multiseriate vessels and rays, some of the ray cells pitted and porous vessels are the diagnostic characters of root.

Seed : It is characterised by the combination of black and red colours on the seed coat, macrosclerides forming the epidermal layer of the seed coat consisting of radically elongated quadrangular cells with heavily thickened walls and narrow lumens, long irregular, wavy,thin walled and pitted cells under the macrosclerides; seed weight, volume, specific gravity, swelling factor, quantitaive values viz. percentage of dry matter, moisture, total sugar, extractives and ash values of both seed and root powder may laso play important role in identification and standardisation.

PART? USED?????????? :- SEED, ROOT, LEAF

DOSAGE? ?:- Seed churna 0 – 180 mg, Root / leaf churna 1 – 3 gm

Total ash 8.15 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.94 %, Water soluble extractive 13.67 %, Ethanol soluble extractive 6.21 %

SCIENTIFIC/CLINICAL USES????

Fungistatic?? |??? Anticancer?? |???? Antibacterial?? |????? Analgesic???? |

Antimuscarinic??? |????? Antispasmodic????? |??????? Abortifacient????? |????? Uterine??? |?? stimulant??? |? Antifertility?? ??|???? Germicide? ? ?|? ? ? Antitumour? |? Antiimplantation? |?? Oxytocic, Antimicrobial

CLASSICAL FORMULATIONS??? Nilibhrngadi taila

GERERNAL USES

  • Dried leaves and root powder is given orally in case of eye complaint ; decoction of young leaves is given orally for cough; leaf powder is given orally in case of urine problems; seed extract is used in sciatica. It is one of the ingredients of ‘Tranquil’ for relieving stress and anxiety.

AYURVEDIC ATTRIBUTES????????

GUNA (Quality)??????

Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshan

RASA (Taste)?????????

Tikt, Kashay

VIPAK (Metabolism)?????????

Katu

VIRYA (Potency)???

Ushan

REFERENCES

  1. “Abrus precatorius L.” InChem. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
  2. ^ “Abrus precatorius L.” Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g Wagstaff, D. Jesse (2008). International Poisonous Plants Checklist: An Evidence-Based Reference. CRC Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-1420062526. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k Paul Hockings; Christiane Pilot-Raichoor (1992). A Badaga-English dictionary. Mouton de Gruyer. p. 246. ISBN 9783110126778.
  5. ^ Bisby, Frank (1994). Phytochemical Dictionary of the Leguminosae, Volume 1. CRC Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0412397707. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  6. ^ Jump up to:a b Mendes (1986), p. 79.
  7. ^ Langeland, K.A.; et al. (2008). “Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition” (PDF). University of Florida-IFAS Pub SP 257.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b “Abrus precatorius, jequirity, rosary pea – The POISON GARDEN Website”. www.thepoisongarden.co.uk.
  9. ^ http://www.cbif.gc.ca/eng/species-bank/canadian-poisonous-plants-information-system/all-plants-scientific-name/abrus-precatorius/?id=1370403266739%7C[permanent dead link] Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility website, Home ? Species Bank ? Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System ? All Plants (Scientific Name)? Abrus precatorius – math was used to determine 0.1mg/150lb datapoint based on 0.00015% body weight datapoint
  10. ^ Jang D.H., Hoffman R.S., Lewis L.S. “Attempted suicide, by mail order: Abrus precatorius”.Clinical Toxicology. Conference: 2010 International Congress of the European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists Bordeaux France. Conference Start: 20100511 Conference End: 20100514. Conference Publication: (var.pagings). 48 (3) (pp 308),
  11. ^ Knight, Anthony; Walter, Richard (2001). A Guide to Plant Poisoning of Animals in North America. Teton NewMedia. p. 121. ISBN 978-1893441118. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  12. ^ “Eden Project Recall Of Bracelets Made From Jequirity Bean”.
  13. ^ “Abrus.?Abrus”. Henrietta’s Herbal (scanned version). 1898.
  14. ^ Major H. M. Ramsay (1881). Detective footprints: with bearings for a future course. Army and Navy Co-operative Society, Limited. pp. 42?65.
  15. ^ William Dymock; C.J.H. Warden; David Hooper (1890). “Pharmacographia Indica: a history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in India”. Kegan Paul, Trench, Truebner & Co. (London). pp. 444?445.. The relevant portion is cited to Dr. Warden’s (Surgeon-Major, Bengal Army, Professor of Chemistry in the Calcutta Medical College) prior publication in Indian Medical Gazette vol. 138.
  16. ^ Raamachandran, J. “Herbs of Siddha medicines: The First 3D Book on Herbs”, page 2.
  17. ^ Verma, D.; Tiwari, S. S.; Srivastava, S.; Rawat, A. (2011). “Pharmacognostical evaluation and phytochemical standardization of Abrus precatorius L. seeds”. Natural Product Sciences. 17 (1): 51?57.
  18. ^ “Abrus precatorius L._IPCS INCHEM”.
  19. ^ J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania. Turner and Henderson, Sydney.
  20. ^ Williamson, Elizabeth M. (2002). Major Herbs of Ayurveda. ISBN 9780443072031.
  21. ^ Arora, R.; Gill, N. S.; Kaur, S.; Jain, A. D. (2011). “Phytopharmacological evaluation of ethanolic extract of the seeds of Abrus precatorius linn”. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology. 6 (6): 580?588. doi:10.3923/jpt.2011.580.588.
  22. ^ Okoko, I. I.; Osinubi, A. A.; Olabiyi, O. O.; Kusemiju, T. O.; Noronha, C. C.; nlawon, A. O. (2010). “Antiovulatory and anti-implantation potential of the methanolic extract of seeds of Abrus precatorius in the rat”. Endocrine Practice. 16 (4): 554?560. doi:10.4158/ep09011.or. PMID 20150030.
  23. ^ Mensah, A. Y.; Bonsu, A. S.; Fleischer, T. C. (2011). “Investigation of the bronchodilator activity of abrus precatorius” (PDF). Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. 6 (2): [pp. 9?13]. eISSN 0976-044X.
  24. ^ Kekuda TR, Vinayaka KS, Soumya KV, Ashwini SK, Kiran R. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of methanolic extract of Abrus pulchellus Wall and Abrus precatorius Linn: A comparative study Archived August 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Int J Toxicol Pharmacol Res. 2010;2:26?9.
  25. ^ Roy, S.; Acharya, R.; Mandal, N. C.; Barman, S.; Ghosh, R.; Roy, R. (2012). “A comparative antibacterial evaluation of raw and processed Gu?ja (Abrus precatorius Linn.) seeds”. Ancient Science of Life. 32 (1): 20?23. doi:10.4103/0257-7941.113794. PMC 3733201. PMID 23929989.
  26. ^ “Abrus precatorius subsp. africanus”. www.plantzafrica.com. Retrieved 2016-05-18.

 

 

 

 

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