Bhargav Ayurveda

Indravaruni|??????????|CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS

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BOTANICAL NAME??????????

CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS

FAMILY????????

CUCURBITACEAE

SYNONYMS NAMES

Hindi Name :- Badi indrayan, Ghorumba, Indarayan, Indrayan, Makal, Makhal, Makkal, Chota tarbooj, Tumbo, Turo, Tumbi, Toos, Tumba

English Name :- Colocynth, Bitter apple

Marathi Name :- Kadu-indravani, Kuru-vrandawan, Kaduvrindaavan, Indraavana, Indraphal

Tamil Name :- Kumatti, Pey-komatti, Peyt-tumatti, Tumatti, Varit-tumatti, Paitummatti, Petummatti, Peykkumutti, Peyttumatti, Verikkummatti,Verittumatti

Telgu Name :- Chitti-papara, Chittipapara, Eti-puch-cha, Eti-puchcha, Etipuchchha, Paparabudama, Paperabudama, Veripuchchha, Veriputsa

Urdu Name :- Hanzal, Indyaran, Shahme-hinzal, Indrayan ka guda

Bengali Name :- Indrayan, Panjot, Indrabaruni

Kannada Name :- Hamekkae, Hara-mekki-kayi, Hava, Hava-mekke-kayi, Mekke-kayi, Pavamekkekayi, Tumtikayi, Balibandrakshi, Doddahallu mekke

Arabic Name :- Habzal, Aulqum, Hamzal, Aulqam, Hanzal

Malyalam Name :- Kattuvellari, Katuvelleri, Paikummatti, Peykommutti, Valiya pekkummatti

Tibetan Name :- Bi sa la, Byi sa la, Bi-sa-la

Persian Name :- Hindavanahetalkh, Khar-buzaherubah, Khar-buzahe-talkh, Hindavanahe-talkh, Kharbuzahe-talkh, Kabiste-talkh, Khar-buzahe-rubah

SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION

PLANT DESCRIPTION (Botanical Identification) :- A scabrid perennial twining herb or climber, usually prostate, or spreading on ground with slender stem and bifid hairy tendrils. Roots deep, branched, stout, dull-yelllowish o rpale brown, smooth, cylindrical.

Fruit : Greyish-white, off-white or yellowish, pithy fragments upto about 6 * 2 cm; extrenally convex with ridges and flattened areas 5 – 10 mm wide resulting from peeling with a knife; internally irregularly concave and showing numerous ovoid depressions about 100 mm long, leaft by the removal of the seeds.

Root : Root is available in cut pieces of 2 – 7 cm long, 0.2 – 2.5 cm thick, cylindrical, slightly twisted; dull yellow; longitudinal fissures present; fracture short; taste intensively bitter. In transverse section mature root shows wavy outline consisting of 6 – 10 layers of rectangular, thick walled, tangentially elongated cork cells, a few filled with dark brown contents. Secondary cortex consits of 10 – 15 layers of elliptical, tangentially elongated, thin walled, parenchymatous cells.

Leaf : Leaves are very variable, 3.6 – 6.3 * 2.5 – 5.0 cm, pinnately lobed in outline, generally 3 – lobed, sometimes 3 – 7 lobed, middle lobe largest, each lobe deeply pinnatifid; petiole 1.3 – 2.5 cm long, entire leaf densely hirsute; taste very bitter.

PART? USED? :-????? FRUIT, ROOT

DOSAGE :-????? 1 – 3 gm

SCIENTIFIC/CLINICAL USES

Purgative |? Hypoglycamic |?? Carthartic? |? Antipyretic |?? Diuretic? |? Antihistaminic |? Insecticidal? | Antiacetylcholine? |? Cardiacv depressant |? Antibacterial? | Nematicidal? |? Anticoagulant? |? Antiinflammatory? |? Anticancer? |? Antimicrobial? | Antiimplantation

CLASSICAL FORMULATIONS????

Abhyarista? |? Brhanmanjisthadi kvath churna? |? Brihat phal ghrita? |? ChavikasavaJvaraghni gutika? |? Kalyanak ghrita? |? Lodhrasava? |? Maha vishgarbha taila? |? Mahatiktaka ghrita? |? Manasamitra gutika? |? Marichadya taila?? |? Mis raka sneha? |? Mritasanjivani sura? |?? Narayana churna? |? Patolamuladi kvath churna? |? Rodhrasava? |? Saptavimsatika guggulu

GERERNAL USES

  • Indervaruni Herb is used to treat jaundice, pitta cough diseases, spleen diseases, asthma cough, skin diseases, diabetes, worms and thyroid enlargement.

AYURVEDIC ATTRIBUTES????????

GUNA (Quality)??????

Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshan

RASA (Taste)?????????

Tikt

VIPAK (Metabolism)?????????

Katu

VIRYA (Potency)???

Ushan

PRABHAV (Impact)??????????

Tikshanvirechan

REFERENCES

  • The Bhavprakash nighantu with elaborated Hindi commentary by Padmashri prof. K.C. Chunekar, edited by Dr. G.S. Pandey: Edition of 1998, verse 203-206, page no-403.

 

 

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Variation

Raw Herb, Powder, Extract

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